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Public Integrity Commission

Administering and implementing Delaware's code of conduct for the executive branch.




About the Agency


The State Public Integrity Commission administers and implements Delaware’s ethics law (Code of Conduct) for the Executive Branch; its financial disclosure law for all three branches; and its lobbyists’ registration and expense reporting laws.

To aid those subject to the law in complying, the Commission issues advisory opinions on a case by case basis; publishes its opinion synopses annually; and offers training through the State Personnel Office’s Training Unit and by scheduling classes with agencies when requested. It also may act on sworn complaints which allege violations of the laws. Procedures for requesting advisory opinions or filing complaints are in the statute and the Commission’s rules.

Biographies of Commissioners

Andrew T. Manus
Photo of Andrew T. ManusMr. Manus was confirmed as a Commissioner on March 28, 2018, for a seven-year term expiring in March 2025. He was elected Chairperson in 2020 and again in 2021. Mr. Manus received his undergraduate degree from the University of New Hampshire and his Master’s degree from Texas A&M University.

Mr. Manus’ very active retirement includes managing his wife’s family farm. As part of his management duties, he practices land stewardship of forested tracts and rehabilitates and repurposes old farm outbuildings. In his spare time Mr. Manus enjoys being a hobbyist woodworker.

Prior to his retirement, Mr. Manus was the Director of Conservation Programs at The Nature Conservancy in Milton, Delaware from 2004-2014. As Director he managed conservation stewardship operations and land protection staff and assisted staff in promoting ecological restoration/management projects and private lands protection strategies.

From 2002-2004, Mr. Manus was the Director of the Ducks Unlimited, Inc., Conservation Programs, Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay, Mid-Atlantic Field Office, Stevensville, Maryland. In that role he directed and delivered conservation programs in the five state Mid-Atlantic region while also supervising six staff habitat restoration specialists.

Mr. Manus worked for the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (“DNREC”) from 1990-2001. He was the Deputy Director of the Divisions of Soil and Water Conservation and Water Resources for three years before being appointed Director of the Division of Fish and Wildlife, a position he held for eight years. Mr. Manus was responsible for providing leadership and strategic direction for the Division of 126 full-time employees, 75 seasonal workers and a volunteer corps of 300 individuals. He provided direction to scientists and other professional staff in the development of research, regulatory, planning and enforcement programs designed to manage and conserve the fish, wildlife and habitat resources of Delaware. Mr. Manus administered an operating budget of $13.5 million, a land acquisition budget of $6.5 million and a capital budget of $2.5 million. In addition, he implemented two legal settlement agreements that totaled $11.5 million.

Between 1980 and 1989, Mr. Manus was Assistant Director and Executive Director of the University of Delaware Sea Grant College Program. He managed the Program through multidisciplinary activities in research, education and technical assistance. Mr. Manus oversaw a budget totaled $2.5 million for a staff of 35.

Mr. Manus has served on numerous boards, commissions and committees related to his love for the outdoors and conservation. A few of those are: Chairman, Atlantic Coast Joint Venture, 2003 -2007; Member Executive Committee, International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 1996-2000; President, Northeast Fish and Wildlife Directors Association, 1996-1998; Commissioner, Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, 1993-2001; Member, Atlantic Flyway Council, 1993-2001.

Over the course of his career Mr. Manus received numerous awards and honors. Some of those include: Atlantic Coast Joint Venture Leadership Appreciation Award, 2007; Ducks Unlimited, Conservation Service Award, 2002; Atlantic Flyway Council Leadership Recognition Award, 2002; USFWS, Region 5 Division of Federal Aid, Certificate of Appreciation, 2002; USFWS, Northeast Region, Certificate of Special Appreciation, 2002; Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission, Outstanding Support Award, 2002; New Castle County Council, Resolution of Appreciation for Outstanding Public Service, 2002; Conservation Foundation Recognition of Appreciation for Commitment to Chesapeake Forest Project, 2001; North American Wetlands Conservation Council Resolution of Appreciation, 2001; Delaware Chapter of The Nature Conservancy’s Conservation Partnership Award, 1999; University of Delaware Public Service Fellowship, 1989.

Mr. Manus resides in Clayton, Delaware (Kent County).

Michele Whetzel
Photo of Michele WhetzelMrs. Whetzel was confirmed as a Commissioner on June 15, 2016 for a seven-year term expiring in 2023. Mrs. Whetzel was Vice Chair, Personnel from 2016 through 2019. She was elected Vice, Chair Policies and Procedures in 2020 and 2021.

Mrs. Whetzel has lived in Delaware since 1976. She graduated from Newark High School and earned a degree in Finance and Economics from the University of Delaware. After college she worked in financial services and was a Trust Officer with American Guaranty & Trust Company. In 1993 Mrs. Whetzel chose to stay at home with her two (now adult) children. She became active in their schools, the neighborhood, and the greater community through charitable and volunteer activities. Mrs. Whetzel is currently the Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for her family’s property management business, Thinking Eye Dog, LLC.

For over 25 years Mrs. Whetzel has been an active volunteer in the nonprofit sector, serving on the Ministry of Caring Guild Board (treasurer), the New Castle County Adopt-a-Family Board, and the Delaware Community Foundation Board. She recently completed a two-year term as Chair of the Fund for Women and has held other offices on the organization’s board since 2008. During her term as Chair the Fund increased its membership by 28% from 1,297 members to 1,660, the largest increase since the organization was founded in 1993.

In addition to the board activities, Mrs. Whetzel also volunteers for Kind to Kids and Child, Inc., serves as an advisor for the Delaware Community Foundation’s New Castle County Youth Philanthropy Board, and is on the steering committee for ERANow. She also represents the Fund for Women on the Delaware Grantmakers Association and is starting her 10th year as a mentor through Creative Mentoring at Shue-Medill Middle School.

Mrs. Whetzel and her husband Robert reside in Newark.

Rourke A. Moore

Recent photo of Rourke MooreMr. Moore was appointed to the Commission on June 26, 2019 for a seven-year term, ending in 2026. He was elected Vice-Chair, Personnel in 2020 and 2021.

Mr. Moore is a native of Wilmington, Delaware. He graduated from Wilmington High School and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology from Delaware State University. Mr. Moore continued his education and graduated from Clark Atlanta University with a Master of Arts degree in Counseling/Psychological Services.

After serving in the U.S. Air Force, Mr. Moore began his career in higher education. He has had a distinguished career in the public and private sector. Mr. Moore has held administrative and teaching positions with area colleges and universities and served as Vice President with Apex/Pryor Securities, an investment bank. He has been active in education, civic and community organizations. Mr. Moore is currently serving as a Reading Interventionist for Chester Community Charter School and is a Commissioned Ruling Elder of New Castle Presbytery. He is a Ruling Elder member of Council at Community Presbyterian Church. Mr. Moore serves as Moderator and COMC liaison of Christiana Presbyterian Church and liaison of New Castle Presbyterian Church.

Mr. Moore completed extensive graduate coursework in Human Resources at the University of Delaware. He is a former Delaware State Representative, a former President of the Board of Read Aloud/Delaware and Secretary to the Board of the Walnut Street Y. In addition, Mr. Moore is past Chair of the Grants Committee of the African-American Empowerment Fund/Delaware, a Life Member of Kappa Alpha Psi, Fraternity, Inc. and a member of Star in the East Lodge #1 F & A.M. PHA.Mr. Moore currently resides in Wilmington. He is the father of two adult children, Ian and Justin.

The Honorable F. Gary Simpson
Photo of Honorable F. Gary SimpsonSenator Simpson was appointed to the Commission on June 19, 2019 for a seven year term, ending in 2026.

Senator Simpson is a graduate of Milford High School. He has a Bachelor of Science in Pre-Veterinarian Medicine and a Master’s of Science in Agricultural Economics, both from the University of Delaware.

Senator Simpson began his career as a 2nd Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Medical Service Corps. After his military service he spent a few years working as a real estate agent and then spent two decades as a management executive working for the Delaware State Fair and the Harrington Raceway. Senator Simpson returned to the University of Delaware as the Assistant Director of University Relations from 1992 to 2012 and was a State Senator from 1998 to 2018.

Senator Simpson is a past board member of the Milford Housing Development Council; the Cape Henlopen Senior Center; March of Dimes; and a council member of the U of D Sea Grant Advisory Council. He has also served as a board and Executive Committee member for Bayhealth Medical Center, Milford Memorial Hospital and the Council of State Governments where he was Chair of the Agriculture Committee for the Eastern Region. Senator Simpson was previously President of the Milford High School Alumni Association, a charter member and President of the Delaware 4-H Foundation, member and Elder of the Milford First Presbyterian Church and a softball coach and umpire. He most recently stepped down from the Delaware Economic & Financial Advisory Council and the Southern Region Education Board.

Senator Simpson is a board and Executive Committee member for the Delaware State Fair, Inc. and is a member and board member of Eagle’s Nest Fellowship Church.

Senator Simpson has received numerous awards for his community involvement including: Order of the First State, as ordered by Governor John Carney; Legislator of the Year, Delaware State Chamber of Commerce; Conservator of the Year, Conservation Service; Legislative Friend of Education Award, Delaware State Education Assoc.; Eagle Award, Associated Builders & Contractors, Inc.; Legislator of the Year, Delaware Standardbred Breeders Association.
Senator Simpson resides in Middletown with his wife, Debbie. They have three daughters and seven grandchildren.

Marjorie Biles

Photo of Marjorie Biles

A life-long Delawarean, Ms. Biles grew up in Rehoboth Beach and graduated from Rehoboth High School. She subsequently earned a Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Management from Wilmington University.
Ms. Biles was employed by PNC Bank as a Customer Relations Representative and Teller Supervisor for 20 years. Following her career in banking, Ms. Biles worked for U.S. Senator Thomas Carper as a Constituent Relations Representative for 13 years, retiring in 2014.

Ms. Biles is a member of Faith United Methodist Church. She is also a member of the Dover (DE) Chapter of The Links Incorporated and Epsilon Iota Omega Chapter (Dover) of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority Incorporated. She serves on the Wilmington Trust Scholarship Board of Sussex County, the Rehoboth Beach Historical Society Board and is affiliated with the Cancer Support Community Delaware.
Past affiliations include: Board of Directors for the Sussex YMCA, Sussex County Democratic Executive Committee, and the Dr. Martin Luther King Organization of Sussex County.

Ms. Biles continues to reside in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware. She has two sons and three grandchildren.

Ronald H. Chaney

Ronald H. ChaneyMr. Chaney was appointed to the Commission on March 9, 2022, for a seven-year term, ending in 2029.

A graduate of Woodbridge High School and the University of Delaware, Mr. Chaney also attended The Delaware Law School and graduate school at UD.

Mr. Chaney was commissioned as an Infantry Officer in the United States Army, serving twenty-one years, during which he deployed multiple times. Among other assignments, Mr. Chaney was Deputy Ground Component Commander for Operation Vigilant Warrior in Southeast Asia and the J3, Director of Operations for US Forces Haiti. In his final assignment, as Chief of the Combat Maneuver Division on the Army Staff, he managed Army procurement program funding for all Infantry, Armor, Engineer, Soldier Systems and Combat ID programs, totaling over four billion dollars annually. His military awards and decorations include the Legion of Merit and the Joint Meritorious Service Medal. Mr. Chaney is one of only a few Officers to ever be awarded the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Identification Badge, and also has the Expert Infantryman’s Badge, Airborne Badge and the Army Staff Badge. He was inducted into the Order of Saint Maurice, the US Army Infantry’s Honor Society.

After retirement, Mr. Chaney worked in the Defense Industry; first with SYColeman, Inc, where he became Vice President of Programs, and then with ESP, LLC, where he was Director of Operations for the National Capital Region.

In 2015, Mr. Chaney was asked to assume responsibilities as the Director of Ceremonies for the Military District of Washington, where he planned, coordinated and managed engagement events with national strategic importance. He advised the President, Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs; coordinated directly with Heads of State and Heads of Government throughout the world and provided direct oversight of ceremonial support to the 58th Presidential Inauguration. Civilian awards include the Meritorious Service Award (twice) and the Superior Service Award.

Mr. Chaney is a past member of the Randolph Macon Woman’s College Board of Advisors and the Azalea Charities Board of Directors (Co-chair of the Aid for Wounded Warriors Committee). He served on the ESP, LLC Board of Directors, the R&M Buses Inc. Board of Directors, and Co-chaired the URS Coleman Board of Directors. He also was a member of the Liberty County (GA) School Board. He continues to serve his community on his neighborhood Advisory Committee and Transition Committee (Chair) and Architectural Review Committee (Chair). He currently is a member of the Rehoboth Beach Country Club’s Long Range Planning Committee.

Mr. Chaney and his wife, Betsy, returned to Delaware in 2018 and reside in Rehoboth Beach. Continuing the commitment to service, they have one daughter, married to a US Navy Captain, and two grandchildren.

The Honorable Alex Smalls

Alex Smalls standing in front of the American and Delaware flagsChief Judge (ret.) Smalls was appointed to the Commission on March 9, 2022, for a term to end on April 25, 2025.

Judge Smalls retired from the Delaware Court of Common Pleas in May 2021, after 29 years on the bench. Judge Smalls was appointed or reappointed by four different governors and served under five different Delaware Supreme Court Chief Justices. Judge Smalls was the longest-serving Chief Judge of any Delaware State Court in history.

Judge Smalls graduated from Morgan State University in Baltimore with a BA in Political Science and went on to earn his law degree from Rutgers University School of Law. He began his public sector career in March 1980 as a Deputy Attorney General for the State of Delaware in the criminal division, and later joined the City of Wilmington as Commissioner of Licenses and Inspections in 1985. He then became the city’s Director of Public Safety from 1985 until joining the bench in 1991.

Judge Smalls’ career on the bench began in the former Municipal Court for the City of Wilmington in 1991, where he served with Judge Leonard L. Williams. In 1993, he was appointed to the Court of Common Pleas and was elevated to the position of Chief Judge in 1997, making him the first African American to serve as a Chief or President Judge of any Delaware State Court. As Chief Judge, he oversaw Wilmington Municipal Court being merged into the Court of Common Pleas in 1998, a change that made the Court of Common Pleas a truly statewide misdemeanor court. In addition, Chief Judge Smalls oversaw an increase in both the size and jurisdiction of the court during his tenure. This included an increase in the number of Court of Common Pleas judges from five to nine, expansion of the court’s criminal and civil jurisdiction, and broadening of the court’s role as an appellate court for the Justice of the Peace Court and Alderman’s Courts. He also oversaw and implemented numerous innovations including the creation of drug diversion programs and specialty courts such as the DUI Court. He was also instrumental in the creation and launch of the Wilmington Community Court program.

Judge Smalls also previously served on: the Governor’s Justice Reinvestment Task Force; the Delaware Racial Justice Improvement Project Task Force; the Delaware Criminal Justice Council; the Board of Directors of the Layton Home; the Board of Trustees for both St. Edmond’s Academy for Boys and Ezion-Mount Carmel United Methodist Church; and was the Chairman of the Community Legal Society.
Judge Smalls is enjoying his retirement in Delaware.

Commission Staff

Deborah Moreau - Commission's Legal Counsel
As an independent agency, the Commission appoints its own attorney. 29 Del . C . § 5809(12). Deborah J. Moreau was appointed in June 2013.

A Widener University School of Law graduate (cum laude), Ms. Moreau was a member of the Delaware Journal of Corporate Law. During law school she received two awards for her writing submissions. The Herman V. Belk Memorial Award was given in recognition of excellence in writing for an article written to gain admission to the law review in 2003. In 2004, she received the Donald E.Pease Best Student Article Award. Ms. Moreau’s award-winning article was published in the law review. (Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act: A Three Ring Circus – Three Circuits, Three Interpretations (Delaware Journal of Corporate Law, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2004)). During her third year of law school, Ms. Moreau worked at the Delaware Department of Justice and was provisionally admitted to the Delaware Bar under Delaware Supreme Court Rule 55. That admission allowed Ms. Moreau to prosecute misdemeanor cases in Family Court before graduating from law school.

Ms. Moreau was formally admitted to practice law in Delaware in 2004. She was also admitted to the U.S. Third Circuit Court of Appeals. Ms. Moreau continued her career at the Delaware Department of Justice as a Deputy Attorney General for the Criminal Division. While Ms. Moreau was a prosecutor, she handled hundreds of cases, in a variety of courts. She has practiced in Family Court, the Court of Common Pleas and Superior Court. Her varied caseloads included crimes involving domestic violence, juveniles, sexual assaults, guns, drugs, property, robbery, burglary, and murder. Ms. Moreau’s work as a prosecutor allowed her to gain extensive trial experience.

Ms. Moreau resides in Smyrna, Delaware.


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